Lombok Mount Rinjani
There over 20 villages surround Mt. Rinjani and there are many
routes up the mountain, but the main access is from Senaru in the
north and Sembalun Lawang to the east. The challenging three-day
Rinjani Trek route from Senaru to the crater rim (Plawangan), down
to the stunning crater lake then on to Sembalun Lawang, is
considered one of the best treks in South East Asia. Those heading
for the summit usually prefer to start in Sembalun Lawang.
A model for ecotourism in Indonesia, the community-based
activities are focused on the Rinjani Trek Centre in Senaru, the
most popular starting point for the tough trek.
Developed with New Zealand Government assistance since 1999, the
Rinjani Trek Centre embodies under one roof (satu atap) the unique
partnership of the National Park, tourism industry and local
communities that has been forged to manage and protect the Rinjani
WHAT YOU MIGHT SEE
Gunung Rinjani National Park lies within the major transition zone
(Wallacea) where the flora and fauna of South East Asia makes a
dramatic transition into that which is typical of Australasia. The
Park has a rich variety of plants and animals, although they can
be hard to spot due to the terrain and rainforest cover.
Sometimes seen early in the mornings is the rare black Ebony leaf
monkey, known locally as Lutung.
The Long tailed grey macaque or Kera is common in Lombok and older
males are seen on the crater rim.
Rusa deer are forest dwellers and are occasionally seen along the
Rinjani trek trail.
The smaller Barking deer or Kijang has an alarm call with a
distinct dog-like bark. Look for the disturbed ground where the
Wild pig or Babi hutan has been foraging. Also found in the forest
is the Leopard cat or Bodok alas, Palm civet or Ujat and Porcupine
A variety of colourful birds live in the forests of the Park.
Perhaps the best-known icon of the Park is the Sulphur Crested
Cockatoo that is not found any further west of Lombok.
Many of the forest-dwelling animals, insects, birds, civets and
monkeys owe their survival to the wild fig tree or Beringin as a
provider of food and shelter.
The pine-like Casuarina species, Cemara, are a feature of the
grassy higher slopes.
Orchids or Anggrek are also a feature of the grassland areas, as
is Edelweiss or Bunga Abadi growing above the tree line; it is a
beautiful icon of the Park and one of our best-known sub-alpine
Rinjani Trek Centre
The Centre is located at the trailhead above Senaru traditional
village. It offers information and displays for visitors on the
trek, the National Park, Sasak culture and a range of activities
available in Senaru.
Displays include maps, Park interpretation, village walks and
environmental guidelines. All trek arrangements can be made here,
cultural tours booked and purchases made of local produce and
Fees are paid at the Rinjani Trek Centre idr 150.000 /pax. They
contribute to the protection, maintenance and management of the
National Park, Rinjani Trek route, village attractions and visitor
Guides and Porters
Trained and licensed guides and porters are available. You will
need three days and two nights to trek from Senaru via the
spectacular crater lake, to Sembalun Lawang (or the other way).
More time will be needed to explore the summit of Mt. Rinjani.
All trek arrangements can be made and paid for at the Rinjani Trek
Centre. If not with a guide, please ensure you are well equipped
and have knowledge of mountain safety.
The Rinjani Trek is a challenging mountain walk and you must be
prepared with good equipment, warm and windproof clothing. Rinjani
can attract severe storms, lightening and strong winds. When the
weather is settled, the sun is intense and the nights frosty.
Parts of the trail are steep and slippery. Beware of bad weather
and risks of exposure to the wet and cold (hypothermia). If caught
in an electrical storm, take shelter and avoid prominent ridges.
Beware of snakes, and stinging insects and plants. Leeches can be
a nuisance in the wet season.
Although Mt. Rinjani has not erupted in recorded history, Mt. Baru
(2,363m) in the crater lake is an active volcano. It last erupted
dramatically in 1994. Check the notice boards for recent hazards,
and take advice from park staff and guides.
Fresh water springs are a feature of the trek and determine
campsites. Your guide knows where these are. During the drier
months (July-September) some springs completely disappear. Park
staff and guides constantly monitor these water sources to
determine their abundance.
You are advised to ensure that your guide is carrying a radio
handset. Radios are available for rent at the Rinjani Trek Centre.
In case of emergency the National Park authorities are also
equipped with radio communications.
We recommended you to bring any mobil cell to mountain for
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